Field Guide
Questions for Discussion

Crickets and Katydids

Green-legged Matchstick
Green-body Matchstick
Brown-striped Matchstick
Mottled Matchstick 
Common Pyrgomorph
Musgrave's Psednura
Green Grass Pyrgimorph
Diving Grasshopper
Creek Grasshopper
Garden Bermius
Common Gesonula
Rice Grasshopper
Beautiful Methiola
Little Black-knees
Bicoloured Cedarinia
Eastern Inland Cedarinia
Peakesia Grasshopper
Apotropina & Perbelliina 
Epallia Grasshopper
Cooloola Shortwing
Wingless Grasshopper 
Mimetic Gumleaf Ghopper
Black-kneed Gum leaf Ghopr
Slender Gumleaf Ghopper
Gumleaf Grasshopper
Common Pardillana
Common Adreppus
Pale Stem Grasshopper  
Bark-mimicking Ghopper I
Bark-mimicking Ghopper II
Macrotona & Maclystriina
Handsome Macrotona
False Perloccia
Green-legs Grasshopper 
Spur-throated Locust
Giant Grasshopper
Froggatt's Buzzer
Golden Bandwing
Giant Green Slantface
Long-legged Bandwing 
Yellow-winged Locust 
Creek Pygmy Grasshopper
Forest Pygmy Grasshopper 
Unidentified Ghoppers 


Subfamily Oxyinae - Moisture-loving Grasshoppers


This page contains pictures and information about Moisture-loving Grasshoppers in subfamily Oxyinae that we found in the Brisbane area, Queensland, Australia.
Grasshoppers in this subfamily Oxyinae usually associated with water and grasslands. Some Oxyine grasshoppers even submerge themselves under water surface to avoid predators. They have a number of adaptations for their semiaquatic life style, including the smooth body surface
The Grasshoppers feed on blade grasses and sedges that grow near the water edge. They swim near the surface when jump into the water. They are different from other grasshoppers with their shiny and smooth surface. This feature could be an advantage when swimming in water. 
Grasshoppers in Oxyinae are usually grass-green in colours with black and white longitudinal bands. Most of them are fast fliers and good jumpers.  

Tribe Oxyini

Grasshoppers in this tribe are from medium to large in size. Most species adults, both males and females, are fully winged. Most of them live just next to flash water among tall grasses. They feed on leaves of grasses and sedges. 
Diving Grasshopper
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Bermiella acuta, body length 40mm 
This is a large grasshopper. From reference information, this grasshopper can remain underwater for more than ten minutes. The grasshopper can be recognized by the hind femora with the dorsal angles spiniform and antenna are not banded. Please check this page for more information.
Creek Grasshopper, Eastern Toothed Bermius
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Bermius odontocercus, body length male 35, female 40mm                                                              nymph
We easily found this Creek Grasshoppers along Bulimba Creek in Yugarapul Park in Brisbane. They usually hide among tall grasses or reeds next to the water edge. The nymph and adult look the same except adult has fully winged. The grasshoppers are grass-green in colour with black strips on both sides along body from eyes to wing tips. The top of the head and thorax is brown in colour. More pictures and information can be found in this page.
Garden Bermius
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Bermius brachycerus, body length 25mm
We found this Garden Bermius Grasshopper on Apr 2007 in Karawatha Forest near the Lagoon. This species is less common than the above species Creek Grasshopper in Brisbane. Please check this page for more information.
Common Gesonula
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Gesonula mundata, body length 30mm
This is a northern Australian species and not suppose to found them here in Brisbane. We found one once in Karawatha Forest on July 2007. It was on Hakea Track at the edge of a small pond. Please check this page for more information.
Rice Grasshopper
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Oxya japonica, body length 30mm 
This species is common in south-east Asia, but not common in Brisbane. We found it only once in Brisbane on Dec 2004. Please check this page for more information.

Tribe Praxibulini

Those species we found in this tribe, the adults are reduced-wings. They are small to medium in size. They are mostly bright-green or brown with black in colours.  
Beautiful Methiola
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Methiola sp.4 , body length 20mm
Beautiful Methiola is a medium size grasshopper. Both adult males and females are flightless with reduced-wings. The body is grey-brown in colour with black strips. However, the hind legs are beautiful with multiple colours, from pale brown to green to blue then black. The keen s are black in colour. We have more information and pictures in this page
Green Methiola
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Methiola sp., body length 20mm
This Green Methiola looked very similar to the above species except in different body colour scheme. Their abdomen is about the same, with black strip on pale brown. The Green Methiola has the green head and green thorax. All legs are green colour as well. The keens are the same black colour. Both species can be found in the same area at the same time. Please check this page for more information.
Little Black-knees
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Methiolopsis geniculata, body length 15mm
This little grasshopper is black in colour with white strip on each side. All its legs are bright green with black knees. Please check this page for more information.

1. Grasshopper Country - the Abundant Orthopteroid Insects of Australia, D Rentz, UNSW Press, 1996, p179.
2. A Guide to Australian Grasshoppers and Locusts - DCF Rentz, RC Lewis, YN Su and MS Upton, 2003, p78. 
3. Northern Territory Insects, A Comprehensive Guide CD - Graham Brown, 2009. 

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Last updated: July 07, 2011.