Field Guide
Questions for Discussion

Crickets and Katydids

Green-legged Matchstick
Green-body Matchstick
Brown-striped Matchstick
Mottled Matchstick 
Common Pyrgomorph
Musgrave's Psednura
Green Grass Pyrgimorph
Diving Grasshopper
Creek Grasshopper
Garden Bermius
Common Gesonula
Rice Grasshopper
Beautiful Methiola
Little Black-knees
Bicoloured Cedarinia
Eastern Inland Cedarinia
Peakesia Grasshopper
Apotropina & Perbelliina 
Epallia Grasshopper
Cooloola Shortwing
Wingless Grasshopper 
Mimetic Gumleaf Ghopper
Black-kneed Gum leaf Ghopr
Slender Gumleaf Ghopper
Gumleaf Grasshopper
Common Pardillana
Common Adreppus
Pale Stem Grasshopper  
Bark-mimicking Ghopper I
Bark-mimicking Ghopper II
Macrotona & Maclystriina
Handsome Macrotona
False Perloccia
Green-legs Grasshopper 
Spur-throated Locust
Giant Grasshopper
Froggatt's Buzzer
Golden Bandwing
Giant Green Slantface
Long-legged Bandwing 
Yellow-winged Locust 
Creek Pygmy Grasshopper
Forest Pygmy Grasshopper 
Unidentified Ghoppers 


Grasshoppers - Family ACRIDIDAE

This page contains pictures and information about Grasshoppers in Family ACRIDIDAE that we found in the Brisbane area, Queensland, Australia.
Female laying eggs under soil surface 
Member in this family are commonly called grasshoppers. All of them have strong hind legs for jumping. They have short antennae (less than 30 segments) and short ovipositor. 
Members in this family usually have their wings well developed adults, although quite a number species have reduced-wings and flightless. Most grasshoppers are in camouflaged colours but a few of them are brightly coloured. For some species the body colours very variable. However the inside surface colours of hind legs can be useful for species identification. 
Males sing during day by rubbing legs against sides of their forewings. Some species include a visual display of bright colours on legs or wings. Females oviposit egg masses protected by a foamy substance, under soil or in plants. Most of them have an annual life cycle. 
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Grasshopper nymph                                             Distinctive colours on leg inner surface                   Leaf feeder  
Most grasshoppers species feed on leaf of grasses and trees. Some species feed on other vegetation including flowers and stems. Some even feed on dead eucalyptus leaves. Some species, under some conditions, will migrate in a dense swarms form, known as locusts, bring large damage to the crop.
Grasshoppers develop in in-complete metamorphosis. We recorded the life cycle of the Giant Grasshopper, details please click on the link..


We found quite a number of different species in this family. They are grouped in four subfamilies and listed as follows;

Subfamily Oxyinae - Moisture-loving Grasshoppers
Grasshoppers in this subfamily usually associated with water and grasslands. We found only one species in Brisbane. 

Subfamily Catantopinae - Spur-throated Grasshoppers
Tribe Catantopini - Spur-throated Grasshoppers
Grasshoppers in this group are medium size, adults of some species are wingless. Most grasshoppers found in Brisbane are belonged to this group.
Tribe Cyrtacanthacridini  - Giant Spur-throated Grasshoppers
Grasshoppers in this group are large to very large in size, included the largest grasshopper in Australia.

Subfamily Acridinae - Slant-faced and Band-winged Grasshoppers
This subfamily is a large group. Several locusts species are included. Grasshoppers in this subfamily are usually medium in size. Some of them produce buzzing sound when flight. 

There are some more grasshoppers yet to be identified in this Unidentified Grasshoppers page, or find the grasshopper ID in our Grasshopper Field Guide 

1. Insects of Australia, CSIRO, Division of Entomology, Melbourne University Press, 2nd Edition 1991, p382.
2. Grasshopper Country - the Abundant Orthopteroid Insects of Australia, D Rentz, UNSW Press, 1996.
3. A Guide to Australian Grasshoppers and Locusts - DCF Rentz, RC Lewis, YN Su and MS Upton, 2003. 
4. Family ACRIDIDAE - Australian Faunal Directory, Australian Biological Resources Study. 
5. Northern Territory Insects, A Comprehensive Guide CD - Graham Brown, 2009. 

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Last updated: July 03, 2011.