Field Guide
Questions for Discussion

Crickets and Katydids

Green-legged Matchstick
Green-body Matchstick
Brown-striped Matchstick
Mottled Matchstick 
Common Pyrgomorph
Musgrave's Psednura
Green Grass Pyrgimorph
Diving Grasshopper
Creek Grasshopper
Garden Bermius
Common Gesonula
Rice Grasshopper
Beautiful Methiola
Little Black-knees
Bicoloured Cedarinia
Eastern Inland Cedarinia
Peakesia Grasshopper
Apotropina & Perbelliina 
Epallia Grasshopper
Cooloola Shortwing
Wingless Grasshopper 
Mimetic Gumleaf Ghopper
Black-kneed Gum leaf Ghopr
Slender Gumleaf Ghopper
Gumleaf Grasshopper
Common Pardillana
Common Adreppus
Pale Stem Grasshopper  
Bark-mimicking Ghopper I
Bark-mimicking Ghopper II
Macrotona & Maclystriina
Handsome Macrotona
False Perloccia
Green-legs Grasshopper 
Spur-throated Locust
Giant Grasshopper
Froggatt's Buzzer
Golden Bandwing
Giant Green Slantface
Long-legged Bandwing 
Yellow-winged Locust 
Creek Pygmy Grasshopper
Forest Pygmy Grasshopper 
Unidentified Ghoppers 


Catantopini, Goniaeina, Genus Goniaea - Gumleaf Grasshoppers


This page contains pictures and information about the Gumleaf Grasshoppers in Genus Goniaea that we found in the Brisbane area, Queensland, Australia.
In Brisbane we found four species in this Genus. All of them are living on ground level among the fallen gum leaves. All of them are brown in colour camouflage as those dry leaves. Those four Gumleaf Grasshopper species looked very similar and easily be confused. On pictures, we separated them by the shape and colours their antenna, the hind legs and the carina (ridge on thorax).  
They usually rest on ground among dry fallen leaves during the day. They move up and feed on green leaves during the night. 

Mimetic Gumleaf Grasshopper
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Goniaea opomaloides, adult body length 40mm, nymph body length 10mm
This is another species of grasshopper camouflages in dry gum leaf colour. This species is smaller in size than the species compare with others in genus Goniaea. They feed on gum leaves. When we were bushwalking in the Eucalyptus forest on White Hill, Brisbane, we usually disturbed one or two of them for every step we walked. They jumped and flied to about a meter away. They disappeared in the  dry gum leaves background. More pictures and information please click here.
Black-kneed Gumleaf Grasshopper
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Goniaea carinata, body length 40mm
Pictures taken in Mt Cotton during mid summer. When it flied, we saw its bright yellow-orange hind wings. This grasshopper looked likes the Gumleaf Grasshopper below but smaller in size and has longer antenna with white tips. Please also check this page for more information.
Slender Gumleaf Grasshopper 
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Goniaea vocans, adult body length 60mm, nymph body length 20mm
The Slender Gumleaf Grasshopper is brown in colour, camouflages as a dry gum leaf. We usually find them on the ground with the dry Gum tree leaves when bushwalking in Eucalyptus forests. This species is easily confused with the below species Gumleaf Grasshopper Goniaea australasiae. Slender Gumleaf Grasshopper has the carina, or the top edge of thorax, lower and less pronounced, and has a distinct cut. More information and pictures can be found here.
Gumleaf Grasshopper
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Goniaea australasiae, adult body length 50mm, nymph body length 15mm
The Gum Leaf Grasshopper is brown in colour, camouflages as a dry gum leaf. It has the prominent arched crest on thorax. The grasshoppers' hindwings are orange in colour, can only be seen when it is flying. They are also known as Dead Leaf Grasshopper. More pictures and information please click here.

1. Insects of Australia, CSIRO, Division of Entomology, Melbourne University Press, 2nd Edition 1991, p391.
2. Grasshopper Country - the Abundant Orthopteroid Insects of Australia, D Rentz, UNSW Press, 1996, p188.
3. A Guide to Australian Grasshoppers and Locusts - DCF Rentz, RC Lewis, YN Su and MS Upton, 2003, p241. 

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Last updated: July 02, 2011.