- This page contains pictures and information about Planthoppers in superfamily Fulgoroidea
that we found in the Brisbane area, Queensland, Australia.
- Chewobrachys sanguiflua
- A planthopper is an insect in the group of Fulgoromorpha within the bug
The group contains only a single superfamily Fulgoroidea.
- The superfamily Fulgoroidea contains large number of insects of very
diverse forms. All
of them are strong jumpers and commonly called Planthoppers. Their antennae situated beneath eyes. There is a
unique character in this group: for all species, the base segment of the antenna is much thicker than the rest of the antenna.
Wax plates common in females
for producing wax to cover eggs. The nymphs usually have two long tails. Nymphs
and adults are plant-feeders, feed by sucking the sap of the host tree.
- Family Delphacidae - Spur-legged Planthoppers
- Planthoppers in this family Delphacidae are from small to medium size.
They can be distinguished from other planthopper families that they have a
large movable spur at the apex of hind tibia.
Cixiidae- Cixiid Planthoppers
- Cixiid Planthopper generally are brown or black with wings that
are transparent with brown veins. Their nymphs are primarily
root-feeders, some found in ants nest.
Family Issidae - Issid planthoppers Issid Planthoppers are small in size and dull in colour with fore
wings often shorten or convex.
- Family Fulgoridae - Lantern
- The Australian species in this family are medium in size and usually
brightly coloured. They feed through bark on trees and woody shrubs. We
only found one species in this family, which was dull brown in colour.
- Family Achilidae - Achilid
- Planthoppers in this family are usually fungal feeding species. They can
be found under log or among leaf litter. When rest, they held wings
horizontally over abdomen. They are small in size and usually brown in
- Family Derbidae - Derbid planthoppers
- Planthoppers in this family are from small to medium in size. They are
usually creamy on colour with patterns.
Members in this family usually have the triangular and broad fore wings. They look like
green triangular plant spines when they rest on the tree trunk. Their broad
triangular forewings held roof-like over their body make them usually easily
Members in this family are medium in size with broad body. They have
mottled forewings and coloured abdomen, usually brown, red, yellow or orange
All of them have broad frons (front part of head).
Lophopidae - Lophopid Planthoppers
The adults in this family have elongated transparent fore wings. This
is a small hopper family. All of them jump, so is their common name
This family contains the Passionvine Hopper. They are common in Brisbane
bush. When disturbed, they jump away with a loud 'click' sound and
disappeared in the air.
- Reference and links:
- 1. Insects
of Australia, CSIRO, Division of Entomology, Melbourne University
Press, 2nd Edition 1991, pp 474.
- 2. Insects of Australia and New Zealand - R. J. Tillyard, Angus &
Robertson, Ltd, Sydney, 1926, p165.
- 3. Auchenorrhyncha keys - Fletcher, M.J. (2009 and updates). Identification keys and checklists for the leafhoppers, planthoppers and their relatives occurring in Australia and neighbouring areas (Hemiptera: Auchenorrhyncha).
- 4. Northern
Territory Insects, A Comprehensive Guide CD - Graham Brown, 2009.
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[ Up ] [ Delphacidae ] [ Cixiidae ] [ Fulgoridae ] [ Achilidae ] [ Derbidae ] [ Issidae ] [ Flatidae ] [ Eurybrachyidae ] [ Ricaniidae ] [ Lophopidae ] [ Other Hoppers and Unidentified Hoppers ]