Order Hymenoptera, Family Ichneumonidae
- This page contains pictures and information about Banded Ichneumon Wasps in
subfamily Phygadeuontinae that we
found in the Brisbane area, Queensland, Australia.
- Phygadeuontinae is the largest subfamily in Ichneumon Wasps. Most wasps are small and a few are
medium size. Most species look very similar as many of them are black in colour with white markings. Antenna are
often with white band and the ovipositor is relatively long. Their young are
external parasites of pupae of moths
and other insects, some are parasites of spider egg-sac. Males are usually
found searching, either walking or dance-flying over low bushes. Females are
usually found searching on foot for hosts on ground or on plants.
- Ichneumon Wasps in subfamily Inchneumoninae can be distinguished with the
- - on the forewing usually with the pentagon, quadrate
shaped areolet or absent,
- - forewing with a single bullae (unpigmented area of vein)
in 2m-cu (except tribe Phygadeuontini),
- - hind wing with M+Cu often arched,
- - clypeus separated from face by groove,
- - ovipositor can be short or long with flexible sheath,
never very long,
- - antennae often white banded,
Genus Gotra - Banded Pupa Parasite Wasps
- Gotra is a very large genus. Most of them are conspicuous black with
white-stripes. Antenna segment is long and slender. Different species may look
very similar. They are usually found searching for host cocoons on bark of
- Banded Pupa Parasite Wasp I
- Gotra sp., Mesostenini. female, body length 15mm
- The wasp has white band on the antenna. Its body is black with white dots on
thorax and white-banded abdomen. The legs are orange-brown in colours. Please
check this page for more
- Banded Pupa Parasite Wasp II
- Gotra sp. Mesostenini, body length 20mm
- This wasp look almost the same as the Banded Pupa parasite Wasp 1 above
but with longer legs and ovipositor. Please visit this page for more
information and pictures.
- Banded Pupa Parasite Wasp III
- Gotra sp. Mesostenini, body length 20mm
- This wasp look almost the same as the Banded Pupa parasite
Wasps above but with longer legs and very long ovipositor. Please check
this page for more information.
- Black and White Ichneumon Wasp
- Anacis sp., Mesostenini, female and male, body length 15mm
- We often find them
in our backyard, land on the leaves and search for prey to parasite. They
target at large cocoons of moths. They lay eggs in the prey body where
their larvae live and grow inside. We usually find a pair of female and male
searching on the same plant. The about pictures show a female with long
ovipositor and a male without it. Click on here
for more information and pictures.
- Brown-legged Black Ichneumon Wasp
- Xanthocryptus sp., Mesostenini, female, body length 15mm
- This wasp is black with reddish-brown legs. From it
white-banded antenna, we believed it is in the Phygadeuontinae subfamily but
cannot tell the species name. Please check this page
for more information.
- Black-headed Orange Parasite Wasp
- Stiromesostenus sp. Mesostenini, body length 15mm
- We found this wasp in Karawatha Forest on Jan 2011. It was searching on
bark on large tree trunk. Please check this page
for more infomation.
- Red Ichneumon Wasp
- Paraphylax anax, Phygadeuontini, female, body length
- This wasp is reddish-brown in colours with white patterns. From its
white-banded antenna, we believed it is in the Phygadeuontinae
subfamily. Please check this page
for more infromation.
- 1. Insects
of Australia, CSIRO, Division of Entomology, Melbourne University
Press, 2nd Edition 1991, pp 943.
- 2. An introduction to the Ichneumonidae of Australia - Gauld, I.D. 1984,
British Museum, p158.
- 3. Parasitoids: Natural enemies of helicoverpa
- Department of Primary Industries and Fisheries, Queensland, 2005.
- 4. Northern
Territory Insects, A Comprehensive Guide CD - Graham Brown, 2009.
- 5. Wasps - family Ichneumonidae - lifeunseen.com, by Nick Monaghan.
- 6. What
wasp is that? - An interactive identification guide to the
Australasian families of Hymenoptera, 2007.
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