Leafhoppers and

Common Spittlebug
Black Spittlebug 
Tube Spittlebugs

Yellow and Black Leafhopper
Green Flat-headed Leafhopper
Brown Flat-headed Leafhopper 
World's Largest Leafhopper
Black Flat-head Leafhopper
Small Flat-head Leafhopper
Dotted Brown Leafhopper 
Mottled White Leafhopper
Black Leafhopper
Mottled Black Leafhopper
Yellow-headed Leafhopper 
Brown Leafhopper
Red-Eyed Brown Leafhopper
Purple Leafhopper
Penthimiin Leafhopper 
Flat Leafhopper 
Mottled-brown Leafhopper
Yellow-brown Leafhopper
She-oak Leafhopper I
She-oak Leafhopper II 
Paperbark Leafhopper 
Common Jassid
Two-lined Gum-leafhopper 
Green Gum-leafhopper
Mottled-head Gum-leafhopper 

Lantana Treehopper
Banksia Treehopper
Green Horned Treehopper
Brown Horned Treehopper 
Acacia Horned Treehopper
Tri-horned Treehopper

Other Hoppers

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Froghoppers, Leafhoppers and Treehoppers - Superfamily CERCOPOIDEA and CICADELLOIDEA 

Order Hemiptera

This page contains pictures and information about Froghoppers, Leafhoppers and Treehoppers that we found in the Brisbane area, Queensland, Australia.
Leafhopper Nymphs
All Froghoppers and leafhoppers are sapsuckers which feed on the leaves, twigs, branches and/or trunk of the host trees. They insert their needle-like stylets into plant tissue to feed.
Froghoppers and leafhoppers lay eggs in plant tissue. 
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Nymphs resemble adults although lacking wings. They feed on the same host plants with adults. There are five nymphal instars stages.   
Froghoppers and leafhoppers have the most aerodynamic-shaped body in the insect world. They are shaped by evolution. They have thicker forewings known as tegmina which serve to protect when the insects are at rest. All of them are strong jumpers. Most nymphs can jump as well. When jump, they have the highest moving speed in the insect world. Most ambush predators do not target at them because of their high speed of escape. Some other insects even mimic treehoppers to cheat predators.   

Classification :

Superfamily CERCOPOIDEA - Froghoppers and Spittlebugs

Family Aphrophoridae - Spittlebugs
Their nymphs produce 'spittle' clinging to the stems of shrubs or small trees to reduce the risk of dehydration or to deter parasites. Those spittle is sometimes known as cuckoo-spit. When carefully removed those 'spittle', we saw an insect nymph hiding inside.
Insects in this group are commonly known as Tube Spittlebugs. Their nymphs build and live in calcareous tubes attached to stems of food plants. The nymphs immersed in their liquid excretions. Their host plants are usually Eucalypts. Adults are usually greenish- yellow or black in colours. 

Superfamily MEMBRACOIDEA (CICADELLOIDEA) - Leafhoppers and Treehoppers

Family Cicadllidae - Leafhoppers
They are small, plants feeding insects ranging in colour from green, through yellow-green to brown. They can be found on tree trunks, stems and leaves. They feed by sucking the sap of plants. All of them jump, so their name hoppers. Some of their adults are active flyer.
Cicadellinae - Leafhoppers
Ledrinae - Flat-headed Leafhoppers
Tartessinae Stenocotini - Large Flat-headed Leafhoppers
Tartessinae Thymbrini - Cone-headed Leafhoppers
Tartessinae Tartessini - Spiny-legged Leafhoppers
Penthimiinae - Pentagon Leafhoppers
Eurymelinae Ipoini - Brown Gum-leafhoppers
Eurymelinae - Eurymelini - Black Gum-leafhoppers
Family Membracidae - Horned Treehoppers
Members in this family have the enlarged pronotum extending back over the abdomen between wings, which gives them the bizarre looking body shape. Many species also have the pronotum extending forward so that they are horned. Some may mimic thorns on their host plant.

Reference and links:
1. Insects of Australia, CSIRO, Division of Entomology, Melbourne University Press, 2nd Edition 1991, pp 474.
2. Insects of Australia and New Zealand - R. J. Tillyard, Angus & Robertson, Ltd, Sydney, 1926, p165.
3. Identification Keys and Checklists for the leafhoppers, planthoppers and their relatives occurring in Australia and New Zealand (Hemiptera: Auchenorrhyncha).  Fletcher, M.J. and Larivière, M.-C. (2001 and updates).
4. Auchenorrhyncha keys - Fletcher, M.J. (2009 and updates). Identification keys and checklists for the leafhoppers, planthoppers and their relatives occurring in Australia and neighbouring areas (Hemiptera: Auchenorrhyncha).
5. The leafhoppers and froghoppers of Australia and New Zealand (Homoptera: Cicadelloidea and Cercopoidea) - J W Evans, Australian Museum, 1966.
6. Northern Territory Insects, A Comprehensive Guide CD - Graham Brown, 2009.
7. Suborder AUCHENORRHYNCHA - Australian Biological Resources Study, Department of the Environment and Heritage. 

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Cercopoidea ] Membracoidea (Cicadelloidea) ] Other Hoppers and Unidentified Hoppers ]


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Last updated: March 28, 2012.