Leafhoppers and

Common Spittlebug
Black Spittlebug 
Tube Spittlebugs

Yellow and Black Leafhopper
Green Flat-headed Leafhopper
Brown Flat-headed Leafhopper 
World's Largest Leafhopper
Black Flat-head Leafhopper
Small Flat-head Leafhopper
Dotted Brown Leafhopper 
Mottled White Leafhopper
Black Leafhopper
Mottled Black Leafhopper
Yellow-headed Leafhopper 
Brown Leafhopper
Red-Eyed Brown Leafhopper
Purple Leafhopper
Penthimiin Leafhopper 
Flat Leafhopper 
Mottled-brown Leafhopper
Yellow-brown Leafhopper
She-oak Leafhopper I
She-oak Leafhopper II 
Paperbark Leafhopper 
Common Jassid
Two-lined Gum-leafhopper 
Green Gum-leafhopper
Mottled-head Gum-leafhopper 

Lantana Treehopper
Banksia Treehopper
Green Horned Treehopper
Brown Horned Treehopper 
Acacia Horned Treehopper
Tri-horned Treehopper

Other Hoppers

Guest book

Black Flat-head Leafhopper - Stenocotis depressa

Family Cicadellidae

This page contains pictures and information about Black Flat-head Leafhoppers that we found in the Brisbane area, Queensland, Australia.
Body length female 20mm, two males 15mm
Black Flat-head Leafhopper are common on smooth bark gum tree trunks from late winter to late summer in Brisbane Eucalyptus forest. The adults are winged and dark brown in colour. Male and female look quite different. Males are smaller, darker and with clear wings. Their larvae are very flattened. They are all living on gum tree trunk. 


wpe18.jpg (50247 bytes) wpe1C.jpg (40936 bytes) wpe2E.jpg (40790 bytes)
The patterns on their body vary quite a bit between individuals. 
  DSCN2113.jpg (229797 bytes)
wpe29.jpg (46453 bytes)
They are pale brown in colour with dark brown patterns. Those patterns on each individuals are different. They rest on large smooth bark gum tree trunks with either face upwards of face downwards.


wpe20.jpg (52125 bytes) wpe23.jpg (45806 bytes)
The male and female look different. We found that the male is more seen most of the time. We only saw the females a few times. Female adults are mostly found during September and October. 
wpe11.jpg (45153 bytes) wpe1.jpg (62739 bytes) DSC_6544.jpg (148145 bytes)
They usually found resting or feeding on the trunk of smooth-barked gum trees where remnants of old bark provide shelter when necessary. They are highly variable in colour, from dark brown to pale brown.
DSC_8915.jpg (153222 bytes) PWC_6757.jpg (190467 bytes) DSC_9668.jpg (336420 bytes)
The patterns on their body vary quite a bit between individuals.

wpe2.jpg (49429 bytes) wpe5.jpg (52994 bytes)
On late August we found the three males and a female Black Flat-head Leafhoppers on a large gum tree trunk. When we taking photos, those males slowing walk away. The female did not move even disturbed. On the other side of the tree trunk we found a hopper nymph.  
DSC_9825.jpg (252037 bytes) DSC_9823.jpg (273863 bytes) DSC_9818.jpg (346202 bytes)
DSC_4549.jpg (357635 bytes)


The nymphs were more often seen than the adults. They are quite common on smooth bark gum trees during summer time. However, they are very well camouflage, to spot them will need some patience.   
wpe26.jpg (49369 bytes) DSC_6593.jpg (292342 bytes) wpe30.jpg (36618 bytes)
Nymph, body length 20mm
Nymphs are pale brown in colours with highly flattened body. They are hardly be noticed.  
wpe1E.jpg (27520 bytes) wpe21.jpg (49768 bytes) DSC_9826.jpg (305729 bytes)
This nymph was almost invisible on the gum tree trunk in Cotton Hill during mid summer. When we move closer to it, it ran quickly around the tree trunk. Its body was extremely flat and make no shadow at all. 
DSC_4861.jpg (186760 bytes) DSC_4862.jpg (194335 bytes) wpe5.jpg (53382 bytes) 
They sometimes found with head facing upwards and sometimes downwards.
wpe24.jpg (32146 bytes) wpe1.jpg (36387 bytes) DSC_9729.jpg (294948 bytes)

Reference and links:
1. Insects of Australia, CSIRO, Division of Entomology, Melbourne University Press, 2nd Edition 1991, pp 469-470.
2. Insects of Australia and New Zealand - R. J. Tillyard, Angus & Robertson, Ltd, Sydney, 1926, p165. 
3. Stenocotis depressa - Fletcher, M.J. and Larivière, M.-C. (2001 and updates).
4. Stenocotis depressa - Australian Biological Resources Study, Department of the Environment and Heritage. 
5. Northern Territory Insects, A Comprehensive Guide CD - Graham Brown, 2009. 
6. Phylogeny and systematics of the leafhopper subfamily Ledrinae (Hemiptera: Cicadellidae) - Jones, J.R. & Deitz, L.L. (2009), Zootaxa 2186: 1-120, plate F. 

Back to Top

Up ] The World's Largest Leafhopper ] [ Black Flat-head Leafhopper ] Small Flat-head Leafhopper ]


See us in our Home page. Download large pictures in our Wallpaper web page. Give us comments in our Guest Book, or send email to us. A great way to support us is to buy the CD from us.  
Last updated: March 24, 2012.