Leafhoppers and

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Yellow and Black Leafhopper
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Brown Flat-headed Leafhopper 
World's Largest Leafhopper
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Small Flat-head Leafhopper
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Black Leafhopper
Mottled Black Leafhopper
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She-oak Leafhopper I
She-oak Leafhopper II 
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Two-lined Gum-leafhopper 
Green Gum-leafhopper
Mottled-head Gum-leafhopper 

Lantana Treehopper
Banksia Treehopper
Green Horned Treehopper
Brown Horned Treehopper 
Acacia Horned Treehopper
Tri-horned Treehopper

Other Hoppers

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Horned Treehoppers - Family Membracidae

Order Hemiptera 

This page contains pictures and information about Horned Treehoppers in Family Membracidae that we found in the Brisbane area, Queensland, Australia.
Horned Treehopper nymph
Members in Membracidae family have the enlarged pronotum extending back over the abdomen between wings, which gives them the bizarre looking body shape. Many species also have the pronotum extending forward as they are horned. Some mimic thorns on their host plant. 
They are small in size, under 10mm in body length. Adults and nymphs can be found in group on stems and new shots of host plants. They feed by sucking the sap of plants. They expel droplets of honeydew. They are tended actively by ants. All of them jump when disturbed, so their name Treehoppers.
Nymphs in this family do not jump if disturbed. 
All native Australian species of Membracidae are the member of the subfamily Centrotinae. Except the introduced species Lantana Treehoppers which is subfamily Membracinae.

Subfamily Membracinae

We found only one introduced species in this subfamily. 
Lantana Treehopper, Lantana sap-sucking bug
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Aconophora compressa, adult body length 8mm
The above pictures show the insects on the stem of a Lantana plants. They are introduced from American to NSW and Queensland as a biological control agent of the weed Lantana. More information and pictures please click here.

Subfamily Centrotinae

All native Australian species are in this subfamily.
Banksia Treehopper
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Crito festivus, Tribe Terentiini, adult body length 7mm
Mid summer in Alexandra Hill, the Banksia plants was growing fast with new shots. On every Banksia plant there were the treehoppers. The insects mimicked the leaf buds of the plants. The treehoppers were black in colour with bright orange and yellow. The black pronotum extended back over the abdomen covered between wings. More information and pictures please click here.
Green Horned Treehopper
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Alosextius carinatus, Tribe Terentiini, nymph body length 5mm, adult body length 5mm 
The Horned Treehopper has the pronotum extending forward so it look like having two horns. As other tree hopper, they rest on the young shots of their host plants, suck sap for their living. More information and pictures can be found in this page.
Brown Horned Treehopper
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Pogonella minutus, body length 5mm
The Brown Horned Treehoppers are dark brown to black in colours. They have the pronotum extended and look like having two horns. This is the smallest species in family Membracidae. Please check this page for more information.
Acacia Horned Treehopper
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Sextius virescens, Tribe Terentiini, body length nymph 4mm, adult 5mm 
Pictures taken in Yugarapul Park and Karawatha Forest during early summer. A group of  Treehoppers were found on a young Acacia tree. Those Treehoppers were constantly attended by ants. For more pictures and information please visit this page.
Tri-horned Treehopper
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Acanthuchus rufiventris, Tribe Terentiini, body length 7mm  
Pictures were taken on Oct 2006. It jumped away after we took a few photos. This treehopper is brown in colour with three horns. There is the extra horn at the middle vertical position. Please also check this page.

1. Insects of Australia, CSIRO, Division of Entomology, Melbourne University Press, 2nd Edition 1991, pp 473.
2. Family Membracidae - Fletcher, M.J. and Larivière, M.-C. (2001 and updates).
3. That the Anal Whip is Used for Defense - Dr Beetle's Wild Page.
4. Northern Territory Insects, A Comprehensive Guide CD - Graham Brown, 2009. 
5. The leafhoppers and froghoppers of Australia and New Zealand (Homoptera: Cicadelloidea and Cercopoidea) - J W Evans, Australian Museum, 1966, p275.

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Last updated: March 28, 2012.