This page contains pictures and information about Wolf Spiders that we found in the Brisbane area, Queensland, Australia.
Female with juveniles on her back
The spider that you see wandering across the garden path or between plants on a summer day or night is quite likely a common Wolf Spider. These spiders are real hunters and have very good eyesight. They are fast moving, hunting on the open ground and low vegetation during day and night. They live in burrows in the ground, usually with raised collar or sheet-web around it..
Wolf Spiders are usually dull grey and brown in colour with black pattern. Their size is from small to quite large. 
Eyes in three rows of 4-2-2                                  
Female Wolf Spider carry their egg sac behind their abdomen. The above picture show a female Wolf Spider carrying minute young on her back. They are called "wolf spider" because people wrongly thought they hunted in groups like wolves. Their eyes are arrange in three rows of 4, 2 and 2, with the front row of four smaller than those of the back. . 

Little Striped Wolf Spider
Venatrix furcillata, female,                                  male, body length 8mm             
We found this spider on the wall outside our house. 
1. Wolf spider Lycosa furcillata  - The Find-a-spider Guide for Australian Spiders, University of Southern Queensland, 2007.
2. Venatrix furcillata (L. Koch, 1867) - The Wolf Spiders of Australia (Araneae, Lycosidae).       
Brisbane Wolf Spider
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Venatrix brisbanae (or Venatrix ornatula), female with juveniles body length 10mm, male body length 8mm                    
This wolf spider is common in our backyard, was found hunting at night during summer. Its carapace is mainly dark brown in colour, with two light brown lines along the edge and slight brown at the middle. Some weeks ago we saw a similar spider but its abdomen look interesting. When we disturbed it, There were many small spiders running at all direction from their mother's abdomen. More information can be found in this page.
Garden Wolf Spider
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Lycosa godeffroyi (or a closely related species), body length 15mm
This Wolf Spider can be found hunting on ground in garden at night. They move very fast when in pursuit of prey. The second picture shows its large chelicerae. Also notice the arrangement of it eight eyes. Please also visit this Grey Wolf Spider page.
Dark Wolf Spider
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? Lycosa obscuroides, body length 20mm
This is a common large brown spider usually found running on forest floor. The spider builds burrow nest in ground with raised collar together with silk and debris. More information and pictures can be found in this page.

1. A Guide to Australian Spiders - Densey Clyne, Melbourne, Nelson 1969, p44.
2. The Wolf Spiders (Araneae, Lycosidae) of Australia - by Volker W. Framenau, 2003.
3. Wolf Spiders - Australasian Arachnological Society, 2007. 
4. Wolf Spiders - www.wolfspiders.org, by Anders Nielsen, 2009. 

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Last updated: March 18, 2010.