Leaf Beetles Field Guild
Leaf Beetle Biology 
Seed Beetles
Orange-blue Leaf Beetle 
Lantana Leafminer 1
Lantana Leafminer 2
Green Tortoise Beetle
Orange Tortoise Beetle
Two-tailed Leaf Beetle 
Orange-black Cylinder Beetle  
Iridescent Cylinder Beetle
Long Cylinder Beetle 
Brown Cylinder Beetle
5-spotted Leaf Beetle 
Brown Swarming Leaf Beetle
Iridescent Monkey Beetle
Dark Green Monkey Beetle  
Acacia Leaf Beetle1
Acacia Leaf Beetle2
White Acacia Leaf Beetle 
Dotted-lines Paropsine
Tea Tree Leaf Beetle 
Gum Nut Leaf Beetle I
Gum Nut Leaf Beetle II
Gum Nut Leaf Beetle III  
Eight-spotted Leaf Beetle
Aerarium Leaf Beetle
Shiny Dark-brown Leaf Beetle 
Marble Leaf Beetle
Red-black-white Leaf Beetle
Red-white Leaf Beetle
Dark Brown Paropsine Beetle 
Green Strip LeafBeetle
I-Mark Leaf Beetle
Metallic Green Acacia Beetle
Silver Wattle Leaf Beetle
Acacia Golden Green Leaf Beetle
Dotted-head Acacia Beetle 
Pittosporum Beetle 1
Pittosporum Beetle 2
Small 9-Spotted Leaf Beetle
Small 4-Spotted Leaf Beetle
Dark Green Leaf Beetle
Metallic Green Leaf Beetle
9-Spotted Leaf Beetle
Flea Beetle 1
Flea Beetle 2
Small Brown-black Leaf Beetle
Small Blue Leaf Beetle
Two-spotted Leaf Beetle 
Celtis Leaf Beetle
Figleaf Beetle
Kangaroo Vine Leaf Beetle
Blue Oides Leaf Beetle
Red-shouldered Leaf Beetle
Synodita Leaf Beetle


Tortoise Leaf Beetles - Subfamily Chrysomelinae

Chrysomeline species follow a simple life-history pattern. Their eggs laid on host plant and larvae feeding on host leaves. 
Most species larvae are in caterpillar shape. They have well developed, dark heads and three pairs of legs, most are pale brown or creamy in colours, some with dark stripes along the body. They hatch to grubs, which feed in groups on leaves. When disturbed they defend themselves as a group by simultaneously regurgitating smelly fluid. They pupate in soil. Larvae and adults feeding on the same host plants.
DSCN1225.jpg (112951 bytes) wpe27.jpg (23902 bytes) wpe2A.jpg (25060 bytes)
Chrysomeline adults range in size from about 4 mm to 15 mm in length. They all have a distinctive circular, highly-convex shape. Many species are metallic, pink, yellow, beige, or red in colours. Some have finely patterned wing covers, some are strongly patterned with red and black and some are plain brown or black. They usually hibernate during winter under loose bark of the host tree. They emerge in spring to lay eggs and start the new generation.
DSC_1003.jpg (311447 bytes) DSCN7314.jpg (285180 bytes) 
Most Chrysomelinae species are primarily associated with two type of host plants, Eucalyptus and Acacia. Both adults and larvae use chemical-secreting glands for defending against predators. 

We found quite a number of species in this subfamily. They are listed in different genera as follows; 
Genus Dicranosterna
All Dicranosterna species feed on Acacia. Their larvae are in globular shape. There are 34 described species and all are endemic to Australia. We found two species in Brisbane.
Genus Paropsis 
Paropsis species vary in size and colour, many are brightly coloured, with intricate patterns on the wing covers. Most of them, both adults and larvae, feed on Eucalyptus. Some feed on Acacia.
Genus Trachymela
This genus look very similar to the other genus in the subfamily Chrysomeline.  
Genus Paropsisterna 
Paropsisterna species are shining brown or black in colour. Some species have a few large red or orange spots on a black or brown background. Most of them, both adults and larvae, feed on eucalyptus. The genus Paropsisterna has been recently expanded to include Chrysophtharta.
 Genus Paropsisterna (former Chrysophtharta)
The genus Paropsisterna has been recently expanded to include Chrysophtharta. They are native to Australia and New Guinea. There are more than a hundred species in this genus in Australia.
Genus Calomela
Calomela species are particularly associated with Acacia. Both adults and larvae feed on the leaf, some adults feed on the flower as well. Calomela adults are usually have the narrow and flat body shape. Most of them are bright coloured. 
Genus Lamprolina
Lamprolina species adults are usually have the narrow and flat body shape. Most of them are bright coloured. 
Genus Tinosis
This genus is rare and we found two species.
Other Genera  
All other Leaf Beetles in sub-family Chrysomelinae we found are put in this web page.

1. A taxonomic revision of the Australian Chrysomelinae, with a key to the genera (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae) - Reid, C.A.M., Zootaxa 1292, 2006.
2. Chrysomelinae Latreille, 1802 - Australian Biological Resources Study, Department of the Environment and Heritage, Australia 2005.
3. Leaf beetles (Paropsines) - S. A. Lawson and J. King, Department of Primary Industries and Fisheries, Queensland, 2006. 
4. Chrysomelid Beetles Chrysophtharta spp. and Paropsis spp.- PIRSA Forestry, 1994.
5. Key to the Chrysomelinae of New South Wales - FaunaNet, Australian Museum, 2003. 

Back to Top

Up ] Leaf Beetles Biology ] Bruchinae ] Criocerinae ] Cassidinae ] Cryptocephalinae ] Eumolpinae ] [ Chrysomelinae ] Galerucinae, Alticini ] Galerucinae, Galerucini ] Unidentified Leaf Beetles ]


See us in our Home page. Download large pictures in our Wallpaper web page. Give us comments in our Guest Book, or send email to us. A great way to support us is to buy the DVD from us.  
Last updated: February 28, 2011.