Spider Scientific Facts
may find the information on this page is boring and hard to remember. However, if
you want to know more about spiders, it is the minimum information that you have
The scientific name of spiders is Araneide, which is an order
under class Arachnida. Arachnids are invertebrate animals which
belong to a large group known as arthropods. All arthropods have a
exoskeleton and jointed limbs. Other major arthropod groups are insects, crustaceans
(shrimps, crabs), chilopods (centipedes) and diplopods
All Arachnida members have four pairs of legs and one pair of chelicerae.
There are nine orders in the Arachnida, besides spider Araneide,
the other common order is Scorpionida (scorpions).
The body of spider is divided into two regions; the cephalothorax and abdomen. The cephalothorax carries six pairs of limbs: the chelicerae, pedipalps and four pair of legs. The pedipalps of male spiders are modified to be used as copulatory organs. On the cephalothorax there are also the eyes and the mouths. The abdomen carries the opening of the book-lungs, the tracheae, the genital and spinnerets.
Spiders digest their food externally. They secrete their saliva that contains
enzymes which can decompose the prey body. Once their food is liquefied, the liquid
is sucked into the stomach. Food is then store in the midgut.
There is a brain and ganglion in the cephalothorax. Nerves from the legs
and abdomen connect to the ganglion. The heart is a long tube which runs through
the abdomen and consists of several chambers.
Spiders breath by book-lungs which are in the front part of the abdomen. Spider have different types of silk glands in the abdomen which produce silks for different purposes, such as web building, eggs sac, drag line and retreats.
Spider lay eggs after fertilization. The eggs hatch and the young go
through several instars stages before they become adults. There are the moltings in between each instars stages. After moulting, the spiders will
increase in size and sometimes change colour.
Questions for Discussion
Our web visitor Reg
send us an email asked for the different type of spider silks. We had replied
him with email and our answers are also listed as follow;
With reference to the Orb Web structure drawing about, the spiders use at least four different silks to construct its orb web;
Our visitor Alex in our guest book asked why insects fly into the spider webs.
Insects fly into spider webs only because they do not know there are spider webs. Spiders build webs on where most insects will fly pass, such as between two trees, near the flowers etc. Some spiders build webs at night and most spider web are almost invisible. Even we human being are sometimes walk into spider webs during bush walking. See more on how spider capture prey on web by clicking here.
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