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Leafhoppers and
Treehoppers

Cercopoidea
 
Aphrophoridae
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Clastopteridae
Machaerotinae
Tube Spittlebugs

Membracoidea
(Cicadelloidea)
    
Cicadellidae
Cicadellinae
Yellow and Black Leafhopper
Ledrinae
Green Flat-headed Leafhopper
Brown Flat-headed Leafhopper 
Tartessinae
Stenocotini   
World's Largest Leafhopper
Black Flat-head Leafhopper
Small Flat-head Leafhopper
Thymbrini  
Dotted Brown Leafhopper 
Mottled White Leafhopper
Black Leafhopper
Mottled Black Leafhopper
Tartessini  
Yellow-headed Leafhopper 
Brown Leafhopper
Red-Eyed Brown Leafhopper
Purple Leafhopper
Penthimiinae
Penthimiin Leafhopper 
Flat Leafhopper
Eurymelinae
Ipoini 
Mottled-brown Leafhopper
Yellow-brown Leafhopper
She-oak Leafhopper I
She-oak Leafhopper II 
Paperbark Leafhopper 
Eurymelini  
Common Jassid
Two-lined Gum-leafhopper 
Green Gum-leafhopper
Mottled-head Gum-leafhopper 

Membracidae
Lantana Treehopper
Banksia Treehopper
Green Horned Treehopper
Brown Horned Treehopper 
Acacia Horned Treehopper
Tri-horned Treehopper

Other Hoppers

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Leafhoppers and Treehoppers - Superfamily Membracoidea (Cicadelloidea)

Order Hemiptera 

This page contains pictures and information about Leafhoppers and Treehoppers that we found in the Brisbane area, Queensland, Australia. 
 
Leafhopper Nymphs
 
Leafhoppers are tent-shaped insects which resemble small cicadas. Some species are green in colour, some are brown while some are black with white, red or creamy-yellow markings. The nymphal stages resemble the adults but wings are absent. Most leafhopper species live in colonies of mixed stages while few other species are solitary. 
 
Leafhoppers are small, plants feeding insects ranging in colour from green, through yellow-green to brown. They can be found on tree trunks, stems and leaves. They feed by sucking the sap of plants. 
 
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Different leafhopper nymph 6mm                         Nymph 8mm                                                        Attended by ants
 
All of them jump, so their name hoppers. Some of their adults are active flyers.
 
Several species are attended by ants which collect the sugary secretions (honeydew) produced by the leafhoppers. An airborne fungal disease sooty mould is sometimes associated with the honeydew. 

They are small, plants feeding insects ranging in colour from green, through yellow-green to brown. They can be found on tree trunks, stems and leaves. They feed by sucking the sap of plants. All of them jump, so their name hoppers. Some of their adults are active flyer.
 
 
Members in this family have the enlarged pronotum extending back over the abdomen between wings, which gives them the bizarre looking body shape. Many species also have the pronotum extending forward so that they are horned. Some may mimic thorns on their host plant.
 

Reference:
1. Insects of Australia, CSIRO, Division of Entomology, Melbourne University Press, 2nd Edition 1991, pp 469.
2. The leafhoppers and froghoppers of Australia and New Zealand (Homoptera: Cicadelloidea and Cercopoidea) - J W Evans, Australian Museum, 1966, p28.
3. Northern Territory Insects, A Comprehensive Guide CD - Graham Brown, 2009. 

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Last updated: March 19, 2012.