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Machaerotinae
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Membracoidea
(Cicadelloidea)
    
Cicadellidae
Cicadellinae
Yellow and Black Leafhopper
Ledrinae
Green Flat-headed Leafhopper
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Tartessinae
Stenocotini   
World's Largest Leafhopper
Black Flat-head Leafhopper
Small Flat-head Leafhopper
Thymbrini  
Dotted Brown Leafhopper 
Mottled White Leafhopper
Black Leafhopper
Mottled Black Leafhopper
Tartessini  
Yellow-headed Leafhopper 
Brown Leafhopper
Red-Eyed Brown Leafhopper
Purple Leafhopper
Penthimiinae
Penthimiin Leafhopper 
Flat Leafhopper
Eurymelinae
Ipoini 
Mottled-brown Leafhopper
Yellow-brown Leafhopper
She-oak Leafhopper I
She-oak Leafhopper II 
Paperbark Leafhopper 
Eurymelini  
Common Jassid
Two-lined Gum-leafhopper 
Green Gum-leafhopper
Mottled-head Gum-leafhopper 

Membracidae
Lantana Treehopper
Banksia Treehopper
Green Horned Treehopper
Brown Horned Treehopper 
Acacia Horned Treehopper
Tri-horned Treehopper

Other Hoppers

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Leafhoppers - Family Cicadellidae

Order Hemiptera

This page contains pictures and information about Leafhoppers in family Cicadellidae that we found in the Brisbane area, Queensland, Australia. 
 
 
Leafhoppers are tent-shaped insects which resemble small cicadas. Some species are green in colour, some are brown while some are black with white, red or creamy-yellow markings. The nymphal stages resemble the adults but wings are absent. Most leafhopper species live in colonies of mixed stages while few other species are solitary. 
 
Leafhoppers are small, plants feeding insects ranging in colour from green, through yellow-green to brown. They can be found on tree trunks, stems and leaves. They feed by sucking the sap of plants. 
 
wpe17.jpg (34475 bytes) wpe5.jpg (68333 bytes) wpe5.jpg (30092 bytes)
Different leafhopper nymph 6mm                         Nymph 8mm                                                        Attended by ants
 
All of them jump, so their name hoppers. Some of their adults are active flyers.
 
Several species are attended by ants which collect the sugary secretions (honeydew) produced by the leafhoppers. An airborne fungal disease sooty mould is sometimes associated with the honeydew.  
 

 
Subfamily Ledrinae - Flat-headed Leafhoppers
Species in subfamily Ledrinae are relatively large. They are usually brown or green in colours. Most of them have a front-extended flat head. Their larvae are very flattened. They can be found on tree trunk or on leave of Eucalyptus.
 
 
  
Subfamily Cicadellinae
The Cicadellinae species are usually medium sized and elongate insects.
 
 
 
 
Subfamily Tartessinae
The Tartessinae are small to medium sized leafhoppers with a distinctly heart-shaped pronotum.
 
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Subfamily Penthimiinae
Penthimiines are round squat insects. Adults have front wings reaching just to the end of the abdomen and usually slightly overlapping.
 
 
 
Subfamily Eurymelinae - Gum-leafhoppers
Once this group of Gum Treehopper species are classified as the family Eurymelidae. They are now classified as a subfamily of the Cicadellidae. Many species in this family are brightly coloured. Their head is relatively wide and flat with ocelli in the front. They often stay in groups feeding on young stems of eucalypt.
 
  

Reference:
1. Insects of Australia, CSIRO, Division of Entomology, Melbourne University Press, 2nd Edition 1991, pp 469.
2. The leafhoppers and froghoppers of Australia and 

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Last updated: March 25, 2012.