This page contains pictures and information about Cane Flies and mosquitoes in Suborder Nematocera,
Order Diptera that
we have founded in the Brisbane area, Queensland, Australia.
and mosquitoes are classified in order Diptera, which mean two wings. The
insects in this order have only one pair of membranous flying wings. The second
pair of wings are reduced to small knobs, called halteres , for the purpose of balancing. Their
body is relatively soft and hairy. They have a pair of large compound eyes, a
pair of very short antennae and a sucking mouth.
- Members in suborder Nematocera are generally primitive flies, all with filamentous antenna
of 6-14 segment. Usually their bodies and legs are elongated, with a relatively long abdomen.
Larvae are mostly aquatic.
and mosquitoes develop by complete
metamorphosis with four stages, i.e., eggs, larva, pupa and adult. Their
larvae are known as maggots. Usually there are four larval instars. The
mosquitoes larvae are mainly aquatic.
- Family Tipulidae - Crane Flies
- Flies in this family look like giant mosquitoes
(mosquitoes will not be that large). However, not like mosquitoes, they do not feed
on blood. Crane flies only drink water but do not feed at adult stage. They have long thin legs and slender body.
- Family Limoniidae - Long-palped Crane Fly
- The family Limoniidae is very
close related with Tipulidae and sometimes put under Tipulidae as
subfamily Limoniinae. Their larvae are aquatic or semi-aquatic. There is not much known
about their life cycle and biology.
- Family Culicidae - Mosquitoes
- Mosquitoes could
be the most encountered insects when we go for bush-walking and talking insect
photos. Only a few species of mosquitoes suck human blood. Some species
suck blood from other vertebrate animals. Some species do not suck blood at
- Family Bibionidae - March Flies
- Adults in this family are slow moving, usually dark in colour. They are
nectar and pollen feeder. Larvae live in soil or plants, feeds on decaying
- Other Flies in Suborder
- 1. Insects
of Australia, CSIRO, Division of Entomology, Melbourne University
Press, 2nd Edition 1991, p740.
- 2. Insects of Australia and New Zealand - R. J. Tillyard, Angus
& Robertson, Ltd, Sydney, 1926, p333.
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