Field Guide
Red Chilocorus
Steel Blue Ladybird
Minute Two-spotted
Mealybug Ladybird
Yellow Shouldered
Transverse Ladybird
Variable Ladybird 1
Variable Ladybird 2 
Variable Ladybird 3
Common Spotted
Three-banded Ladybird
Netty Ladybird
Striped Ladybird
Spotted Amber
28-spotted Potato
26-spotted Potato
Large Leafeating Ladybird
Other Ladybirds


Tribe Epilachnini


This page contains information and pictures about Ladybird Beetles in Tribe Epilachnini that we found in the Brisbane area, Queensland, Australia. 
Two plant-feeding Ladybird Beetles in different species 
Unlike other ladybird beetles, all species in this tribe Epilachnini are phytophagous, i.e., both larvae and adults feed on plants. Both larvae and adults feed on the foliage of Cucurbitaceae (e.g. cucumber, pumpkin and all types of melon) and Solanaceae (egg plant, potato and tomato). Usually the adults feed on the upper surface of leaves, while the larvae feeds on the lower surface. Some are pests on agricultural crops such as potatoes, pumpkin, turnips, radishes, beans and spinach.
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Larvae                                                                  Pupa 
The larvae and pupa of Epilachnini can be distinguished from other ladybird species by their long branched spines on the back and sides.
In Brisbane we found three species in Tribe Epilachnini. They are all in genus Epilachna. In some reference they are considered as genus Henosepilachna instead of Epilachna. 

28-spotted Potato Ladybird
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Epilachna vigintioctopunctata (synonym Henosepilachna vigintioctopunctata), larva body length 7mm, adult body length 7mm
This ladybird is mostly found on potato leaves. They are relatively larger than other ladybird species. The adults are orange in colour. Carefully counted, there are 13 black spots on each wing cover and two spots on thorax, i.e. 28-spotted in total. There were the dense short hairs on its body. More information and pictures can be found on this page.
26-spotted Potato Ladybird
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Epilachna vigintisexpunctata (synonym Henosepilachna vigintisexpunctata), body length 7mm
This 26-spotted Potato Ladybird looks very similar to the 28-spotted Potato Ladybird, can only be distinguished by counting the black spots on their body. Please check this page for more infromation.
Large Leafeating Ladybird
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Epilachna guttatopustulata, body length 10mm
This is a large Ladybird Beetle. There are four large orange-red and four yellow square spots on dark brown body colour. The bright yellow abdomen is covered by wings. Please check this page for more information.

1. Insects of Australia, CSIRO, Division of Entomology, Melbourne University Press, 2nd Edition 1991, pp 658.
2. Genera of Coccinellidae - The University of Queensland Insect Collection, 2004.
3. Australian Ladybird Beetles (Coleoptera: Coccinellidae) Their biology and classification - A.Ślipiński, Australian Biological Resources, 2007, p182. 
4. REVIEW OF THE AUSTRALIAN EPILACHNINAE (COLEOPTERA: COCCINELLIDAE) -  C.S. LI, J.Aust.ent.Soc., 1993. Department of Primary Industry and Fisheries.  
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Last updated: December 04, 2011.