BanksiaNotodontid Moth
Wattle Notodontid Moth
Gum Notodontid Moth
BrownRingEpicoma Moth
Yellow SpotEpicoma Moth
CommonEpicoma Moth
White Epicoma Moth
Sparshalli Moth 
Brown Tussock Moth
Painted Pine Moth
White Tussock Moth
Yellow Tussock Moth 
Tiger Moths  
Tropical Tiger Moths 
Noctuid Moths 


Prominents, Bag-shelter Moths, Processionary Caterpillars - Family Notodontidae 

This page contains pictures and information about moths and caterpillars in family Notodontidae that we found in the Brisbane area, Queensland, Australia.
A Notodontid male moth 
The adult moths in this family are from medium to large size, with stout body. The head, thorax and legs are often covered with long hair. The fore wing is usually elongated-triangular form. The hind wing is round and much shorter than the fore wing. They rest their fore wings folded roof-wise above the abdomen, with fore wings cover entirely the hind wings. They are active at night.
There are two subfamilies in Notodontidae, the NOTODONTINAE and the THAUMETOPOEINAE. The adult moths are similar in the two subfamilies but the eggs and caterpillars are very different.  

Subfamily NOTODONTINAE - Prominents

Most Caterpillars of  Notodontinae will raise their head and/or tail when disturbed, some will display the eye-spots. Some of them are hairy but some are smooth with few spines. They are usually colourful and actively feeding during the day. Most of them feed on leaves. The adult moths are similar to the subfamily Thaumetopoeinae below but the eggs and caterpillars are very different.

PC9_0903.jpg (186346 bytes)Subfamily THAUMETOPOEINAE - Bag-shelter Moths, Processionary Caterpillars

Some reference put this subfamily as Family Thaumetopoeidae. Caterpillars in this subfamily have very dense hairs. They live together in shelter of silk, i.e. their common name Bag-shelter Moth caterpillar. They feed in group and sometime form processionary group to move to other locations, i.e., their another common name Processionary Caterpillars. The adult moths are similar to the subfamily Notodontinae above but the eggs and caterpillars are very different.

1. NOTODONTIDAE of Australia - Don Herbison-Evans & Stella Crossley, 2008. 
2. Moths of Australia - I. F. B. Common, Melbourne University Press, 1990, p417.
3. Moths of Australia - Bernard D'Abrera, Lansdowne Press, Melbourne, 1974, p70.
4. A Guide to Australian Moths - Paul Zborowski, Ted Edwards, CSIRO PUBLISHING, 2007, p173. 


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Last updated: April 18, 2009.