Praying Mantids
Black Bark Mantid 
Brown Bark Mantid
Brown-legged Bark Mantid 
Spiny Bark Mantid
Garden Praying Mantid
Black Groung Mantid
Tree-running Mantid 
False Garden Mantid
Purplewinged Mantid
Large Brown Mantid
Burying Mantid 
Other Mantids 


Family Mantidae - Praying Mantids

This page contains information and pictures about Praying Mantids in Family Mantidae that we found in the Brisbane area, Queensland, Australia.
Females in this Mantidae family are usually have smaller but functional wings. Males are fully winged. 
This Mantidae family contains 80% of the Praying Mantids species found in Australia. Usually they are large in size. On their front arm, they have two rows of spines, which is different from a single row of the family Amorphoscelidae.
We found quite a few different species in different subfamilies, listed as follows.  


Mantids in this sub-family are medium in size. Females are usually have smaller but functional wings. Males are fully winged. 
Garden Mantid
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Orthodera ministralis, nymph, female, both body length 40mm
Garden Praying Mantids, one of the most commonly seen mantids in Brisbane, is green in colour with the relative wide and straight flat thorax. The forewings covered all of its abdomen. Also notice the blue spots on their front legs. More information please click on here.


Mantids in this sub-family are small in size. Wings of female are reduced to very small. This makes it hard to distinguish between nymph and female. Males are fully winged. 
Black Ground Mantid
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Bolbe nigra, female body length 10mm                                                                                            Male, body length 10mm 
We found this tiny mantid a few times in Karawatha Forest during late summer. It was running on the forest floor. At first we thought it was a brown ant holding something. When we came closer and recognized it was a mantid. We have more pictures and information in this page.
Snake Mantid
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Kongobatha diademata, body length 20mm
We sometimes found this Snake Mantid hunting small moths near the window outside our house. Snake Mantids are pale green in colour, small in size with elongated body. Photos were taken on Mar 2001.
1. Praying Mantids - family Mantidae - lifeunseen.com, by Nick Monaghan.
2. Grasshopper Country - the Abundant Orthopteroid Insects of Australia, D Rentz, UNSW Press, 1996 p241.
Tree-running Mantid
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Ciulfina sp., body length 25mm, male, female
The Tree-running Mantid is pale brown with brown patterns. It has the flattened body we believed it is the adoption for moving under tree barks. It has very long legs. The legs move sideway when running like a cockroach. Please check this page for more information. 


Mantids in this subfamily are medium to large in size. They can be very slender to very robust. Both males and females are fully winged but females may or may not able to fly. Both green and brown forms may occur in the same species. Females lay large size Ootheca.  
False Garden Mantid
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Pseudomantis albofimbriata, females body length 60mm                                                                Male, body length 40mm 
We sometimes find this mantid hunting in our backyard. They are either green or brown in colour. There is a blue or brown spot on inner side of each of its fount arm. They are slow moving, with large abdomen. Females are winged by wings are relatively small  and do not seems able to fly. For more information and pictures please click here.
Purplewinged Mantid, Australian Mantid
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Tenodera australasiae, body length 100mm        nymph
The adults Purplewinged Mantids are large in size with long and narrow body. Their wings are purple to dark brown in colour, with grass green on both edges. Their head and body are light brown with green colour eyes. There is more information and pictures in the Purplewinged Mantid page.
Large Brown Praying  Mantid, Stick Mantid
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Archimantis latistyla, body length 120mm          nymph
This Large Brown Mantid is very common in Brisbane. This mantids is pale brown in colour and looks like a dry leave among the grass. There are two black dots on each side of its forewings. Their nymphs are either brown or green in colours. For more information please click here.
Burying Mantid
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Sphodropoda tristis, nymph, body length 60mm 
Pictures taken in Karawatha Forest during mid summer. When we came closer, the mantids moved to the other side of the stem. The mantids are grey brown in colour with dark brown patterns. They are called Burying Mantids because females dig small hole in ground in which they lay eggs and then refill it. More information and pictures can be found in this page.

Here we would like to thank Graham Milledge of Australian Museum for he had kindly sent us email on correcting some mistakes in this page.

1. Insects of Australia, CSIRO, Division of Entomology, Melbourne University Press, 2nd Edition 1991, pp 351-355.
2. Insects of Australia and New Zealand - R. J. Tillyard, Angus & Robertson, Ltd, Sydney, 1926, p93.
3. Grasshopper Country - the Abundant Orthopteroid Insects of Australia, D Rentz, UNSW Press, 1996 p233.
4. Northern Territory Insects, A Comprehensive Guide CD - Graham Brown, 2009. 

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Last updated: May 05, 2010.